What Is Coffee ??????
There must be very few people in this world who may ask this question to you. And it may amaze you too. That's because today coffee is a very known and liked substance in many corners of the world. People from big to small everyone are aware by this word "Coffee".
Coffee is today one of the important drink of a large amount of people of world. Many people start their day with a nice hot cup of coffee along with their breakfast. their. It is also one of the most common drink used around by people all over the world. It is made and served by different ways in different parts of continents of world.
When Was Coffee Invented ?It is said that coffee is one of the oldest drink used by people around the world and maybe from the Tenth century. Coffee was mostly cultivated in African continent in somewhere in Ethopia.
Then the Arab world began using it and also started it trade on a very large scale. Then the Coffee Beans were grown in large quantity in the Northern African region . From there it entered the Indian Markets and then the European Markets.
Types Of Coffee
As time passed so did the way of drinking coffee also changed. Coffee today is not just a hot cup of liquid to drink its has a large variety. It is served in many types today like :
White Spiced Coffee : Its is made with milk and coffee with spices sprinkled on top of it giving it a beautiful taste.
Cold Coffee : Its made with milk and ice blending it bit mostly and is also served with ice cream and other toppings.
Black Coffee : It is a French Press style coffee served plain hot with no milk in it.
Americano : It is single cup of espresso with about seven ounces of hot water added to mix. The name of this coffee drink stemmed from an insult to 'uncouth' Americans who weren't up to drinking full espressos.
Cappuccino : It contains usually equal parts of espresso , steamed milk , and frothed milk. It is often served with cinnamon or flaked chocolate sprinkled on the top of it.
How Is Coffee Grown?
Coffee seedlings are grown sameways like tea or other crops. In gardens or nurseries they are grown for about 4m (13) feet to 6m (20) feet. They need the right amount of light and shadow to grow properly. At about 6 months old , the seedlings of coffee are planted in the field where the soil has been fertilised properly. The seedlings are planted in rows following the slope with enough space for their growth and care.
Like most of the other crops Coffee Plantation requires constant weeding and appliance of Pesticides like Fungicides against the Coffee Rust and Insecticides against the Coffee Weevil.
The Coffee Plant starts to flower in about two years and can produce Coffee Fruits for almost 30 years.
How Is Coffee Made ?
Picking : In Short , Coffee Fruits are picked wet one by one or with the help of machines. The beans are then deposited in large Recipents for 1 to 3 days, a time during which the enzymes normally appearing ferment the remaining pulp. Then the beans are washed to eliminate or remove the remaining pulp. They are then put for drying in the sun on special concrete terraces or tables and other similar objects through their passing in hot air dryers.
Then these fruits are collecetd and cleaned removing their dead skin, twigs and dirt . The cleaned fruits are then put in basket of about 60 litres and washed in a special waterspout or machine. During this process the ripe fruits are selected from the dry or the detoriorated ones.
Then they are again washed and left for about 15 to 20 days for drying in the sun , being turned upside down for about every 20 minutes for unoform drying. Mechanized dryers can accelerate the process. At an optimum humidity of 11 - 12 % the beans are shelled mechanically removing their Husk. These beans are then put in Fabric Sacks of 60 Kg (133Pounds).
Roasting : They are then put in large Roasting Machines to roast . Roasting can be Light , Moderate or Strong depending upon the aimed aroma or the way of processing the beverage. Still excessive roasting can make beans glossy , due to the loss of aromatic oils resuling a bitter and less flavoured coffee.
Grinding : Grinding also counts. The size of the granules is determined by the way of preparing the coffee. Medium sized granules are used for coffee prepared using Textile or Papers Filters , while Finer granules are used for making Turkish Coffee as it is not filtered.
Packing : Packing is also one of most important when taste comes. A Plastic Packaged Ground Coffee has a shelf life of about 60 Days , while a Vacuum Packaged Coffee has a shelf life of 1 year. An Opened Package must be kept in closed recipients, preferably in the Refrigirator.
Largest Coffee Producers Of The World
It is said that Brazil and Columbia are two main coffee beans producers in world. But there are also other major coffee beans producing countries like India, Ethopia , Uganda , Mexico and some other more.
Largest Coffee Consumers Of The World
After Oil USA is one of the Largest Consumer Of (RTD) Ready To Drink Coffee in the world Follwed by the European Nations Like United Kingdom , Germany , Spain , Italy France and Also Asian Nations like India .
ALTHOUGH COFFEE IS A VERY NICE BEVERAGE AND MOST COMMON DRINK USED ALL OVER THE WORLD IT SHOULD NOT BE USED IN EXCESSESIVE AMOUNT AS IT CONTAINS CAFFIENE AND THAT CAN BE SOMTIMES UNHEALTHY FOR BODY .